Tag Archive for moss

Pacific Northwest Moss and Liverworts

Bryophytes have always fascinated me, and growing up in that part of the country Pacific Northwest Moss and Liverworts especially have captured my interest. I’m always a bit horrified when the springtime moss-killing-chemical ads come on the radio at the beginning of every year. This stuff looks better than grass to me!

pacific northwest liverworts step moss

After a recent hike in old growth forests, I felt the urge to find a place where I could collect some native mosses and see if any of them will adapt to the conditions of dart frog tanks. Many native Pacific Northwest mosses require a dormant period each year, so this experiment could be a complete failure. But if the experiment is successful, it could yeild some pretty cool plants for frog tanks.

This is Badge Moss, scientific name Plagiomnium insinge. It appears more “leafy” than the other Pacific Northwest moss I saw, almost like a tiny ground cover vine. It is considered a “true moss”, however, and will develop clusters of 3 to 6 sporophytes at the tips.

badge moss pacific northwestbadge moss step moss sphagnum peat

This is Step Moss, Hylocomium splendens, my favorite out of the bunch. This moss grows world-wide in cooler climates or higher elevations. The name “Step Moss” comes from its growth pattern, where each new year’s growth starts from the middle of the previous year’s frond, forming a new “step” each year. In different parts of the world, the speed of growth and age the plant reaches will vary, but the new step per year is typically true for this part of the world.

washington state step moss washington oregon british columbia alaska moss identification

It’s a bit blurry, but a new frond is starting to grow out of this one.

pacific northwest step moss

Comb Liverwort, scientific name Riccardia multifida, a small-ish liverwort. To the right is another liverwort, even smaller than the Comb Liverwort. I belive this is Yellow-Ladel Liverwort, or Scapania bolanderi.

pacific north west comb liverwortliverwort identification moss washington state

A close up of the Comb Liverwort, complete with hemlock needles and dog hair. Spring is in the air, after all, and by that I mean shedding dog hair!

liverwort up close macro identification

This appears to be Spread-Leaved Peat Moss or Shaggy Sphagnum, scientific name Sphagnum squarrosum. There are several Sphagnum species that look very similar, so I’m not 100% sure on this ID, but best matched the photos in the guide book and online.

Spread Leaved Peat Moss Shaggy  Sphagnum squarrosum

These plants were identified with the help of Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast and the internet.  Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast is a really great book, with entries for every plant I’ve tried to ID so far, including the Pacific Northwest moss and liverwort in this post. I highly recommend it to anyone in the Pacific Northwest. However, if you think I identified any of the plants incorrectly, please let me know!

40 Gallon Vivarium Plants Finally!

Finally, some work on the tank! The pump is in place and running. I started by adding some moss. It always looks kinda awkward to me at that stage, but it’s not so bad when I step back and take a look at the whole thing. I can hardly wait for the moss to fill in though. It’ll look MUCH better then. My vivarium plants have been living in small jar terrariums, awaiting this step.


After the moss, I started adding plants.

planted vivarium tank

I have more lights ordered, but for now I just have the one going.

vivarium plants dart frogs

vivarium plants moss vines


Neoregelia “Chiquita Linda” bromiliads on either side of the waterfall where I seeded some Riccia. I need to put some more Riccia in, but my goal is to have the entire background covered in moss and Riccia.

vivarium plants bromiliads

I added some small bits of riccia from the Jewel Orchid terrarium. These contain some small fern gametophyes as well.

terrarium vivarium moss riccia

Neoregelia “Chiquita Linda” bromiliads, Ficus villosa, Syngonium rayii, and fern moss.

bromiliads ficus villosa fern moss terrarium

Oak leaf ficus on the background. The fuzzy Ficus villosa in the foreground.

vivarium oak leaf ficus terrarium

Ficus villosa and Syngonium rayii. The plants are a bit over-exposed, but the Syngonium rayii is a beautiful very dark velvety green.

Ficus villosa Syngonium rayii vivarium plants

I have multiple empty pots still. I have to figure out what to put in them. I think that’s a pretty good reason to order more plants!

neoregelia chiquita linda vivarium plants bromiliads

Neoregelia “Chiquita Linda” bromiliads and fern moss.

Neoregelia Chiquita Linda bromiliads fern moss

This little vine is known as “Manuran’s mystery vine” on Dendroboard. I don’t know what it is, but it’s one of my favorites. A lot of this is new growth since I got it. Most of the leaves it had during shipping have died, but it really took off after that.

Manuran's mystery vine vivarium plants vines moss

Marcgravia rectiflora is a really cool shingling plant. This little cutting should be really impressive once it starts climbing.

Marcgravia rectiflora vivarium plants sphagnum moss

I used pins to hold things in place temporarily.

Marcgravia rectiflora terrarium dart frog

The water feature isn’t quite done. I’m not sure what it needs yet, but I’m not totally happy with it yet. It’s definitely better than before, because I wasn’t able to have the depth I wanted between the two “roots” in the smaller tank. The taller tank gives me a lot more to work with.

vivarium plants water feature moss Marcgravia rectiflora

Live Sphagnum moss and “tropcal moss” from Blue Pumilio.

vivarium plants moss terrarium

Another shot of “Manuran’s mystery vine”. You can kinda see the moss that piggy backed in on it. It’ll be interesting to see how that spreads.

vivarium plants terrarium vines

30 Gallon Tank, Part 4, Moss

The moss for this tank arrived today! I’m going to wait until the plants arrive to place any of it. The moss came from www.bluepumilio.com. It’s tropical sheet moss, fern moss, and sphagnum moss.

Also, I think I’m going to change the water feature. It’s too deep. I’m going to try filling it in a bit and see if it’ll still flow ok.